Firstly, the most anterior, or most forward, is the frontal lobe. This lobe contains two major subdivisions: the motor cortex and the prefrontal cortex (Gazzaniga, Irvy, & Mangun, 2018). The motor cortex is responsible for the generation of neural signals which result in movement, specifically relating to the initiation, planning and the sensory guidance for movement. On the other hand, the prefrontal cortex is associated with executive cognitive functions, specifically social behavior, motivation, planning and organizing (Gazzaniga, Irvy & Mangun, 2018). With that in mind, damage to this area may have significant impact on an individual. According to particular case studies, individuals who have experienced lesions in their prefrontal cortex have reported a plethora of impacts to their day-to-day functionality. For example, damage to the frontal lobe has been associated with inability to regulate social behaviors, inability to control emotions, general feelings of distress, inability to plan, and a lack of overall motivation. Additionality, lesions in this area have also been associated with troubles with complex physical movements, such as the playing of a musical instrument (Barrash et al., 2018;Fourie, Van Der Merwe, & Swart, 2016).
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